Test Management Process

Test Management Process is a set of activities from the start of the testing to the end of the testing. It gives a discipline to testing. When follow a test process it gives us the plan at the initial. Test process provides the facility to plan and control the testing throughout the project cycle. It helps to track and monitor the testing throughout the project. Provides transparent of testing among stakeholders and maintains the conducted test for future reference. Affords deep level of detail of the testing that’s being carrying…

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What Is Incident Report In Software Testing?

Incident report can be defined as a written description of an incident observed during testing. To understand better, let’s start with what an ‘incident’ is. Incident in a software testing can be defined as a variation or deviation observed in system behavior from what is expected. It can be a deviation from a functional requirement or from the environment setup. Very often an incident is referred as a defect or a bug, but it is not always the case. Incident is basically any unexpected behavior or response from software that…

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Should We Put Too Much Detail Into Test Cases?

Writing test cases is an essential part of the software testing activities that take place before the actual test execution begins. Hence, test cases must be written with keeping clear understanding of the requirements in one's mind. How smooth does a test execution phase goes depends mainly on how well the test cases were written and also depends on how well the requirements were understood. While putting unnecessary or unwanted details should be avoided into a test case but putting in required and important details plays an important role. You…

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Difference Between Use Case and Test Case

Software Testing costs almost fifty percent of the costing from Software Company. So test cases are very important issues over here. Once software development was the only attractive and demanding work in software industry, now scenario has changed. Testing has different terms and there are ways to complete it. For qualifying as a test engineer or to work in software industry it is mandatory to know them clearly. Also "Difference between Use Case and Test Case" most commonly asked interview question. The Term Use Case and Test Case use at the…

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What is Test data & guidelines to design your Test Data?

In this article, you will get to know the importance of test data and some guidelines to execute test case using proper test data and test environment setup What is Test Data? Why is it Important? In simple word, Test data is the documented data that is basically used to test the software program. Test data is divided into two categories. First is Positive test data which is generally gives to system to generate the expected result and other is negative test data which is used to test the unhandle…

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What is Risk Based Testing in Software testing?

Today’s article is going to be a complete guide to learn Risk Based Testing in Software testing. Before explaining Risk based testing, it is necessary to know what mean by Risk in software testing. A Risk is a problem or situation that has not happened yet and it may never happen in future as well. It is basically a possible problem.

In this article we understand what is risk based testing, reasons & situations to implement risk based testing, and benefits of risk based testing.

Risk based testing is type of software testing that the features and functions to be tested based of priority, importance and potential failures. First we identify the risk to the project, we analyze the risk associated with the potential cost of the projects.

Let come to the point why and what all reasons and scenarios to implement in the risk based testing. Many projects have different constraints like time, resources, quality requirement in terms of organization standards. The Risk based testing works really well in this regards. While implementing new projects there are high risk factors involved like New technology, Lack of knowledge, lack of experience etc.


Major objective of Risk Based Testing:

  • To identify when and how to use Risk Based Testing.
  • To understand advantages and disadvantages of Risk Based Testing.
  • To understand steps of implementing of Risk Based Testing on appropriate application.
  • To make risk-free project using best practices in risk management to achieve a project outcome that balances risks with quality, features, budget and schedule.



Risk Based Testing (RBT) is a testing process with unique features. It is basically for those project and application that is based on risk. Using risk, Risk based testing prioritize and emphasize the suitable tests at the time of test execution. In other word, Risk is the chance of event of an unwanted outcome. This unwanted outcome is also related with an impact. Some time it is difficult to test all functionality of the application or it is might not possible. Use Risk based testing in that case; it tests the functionality which has the highest impact and probability of failure.

It’s better to start risk based testing with product risk analysis. There are numerous methods used for this are,

  • Clear understanding of software requirements specification, design documents and other documents.
  • Brainstorming with the project stakeholders.

Risk-based testing is the process to understand testing efforts in a way that reduces the remaining level of product risk when the system is developed,

  • Risk-based testing applied to the project at very initial level, identifies risks of the project that expose the quality of the project, this knowledge guides to testing planning, specification, preparation and execution.
  • Risk-based testing includes both mitigation (testing to give chances to decrease the likelihood of faults, specially high-impact faults) and contingency (testing to know work-around to create the defects that do get past us less painful).
  • Risk-based testing also includes measurement process that recognizes how well we are working at finding and removing faults in key areas.
  • Risk-based testing also uses risk analysis to recognize proactive chances to take out or avoid defects through non-testing activities and to help us select which test activities to perform.


Risk Based Testing Approach


Major processes to execute the Risk-based testing are described below:

  • Process 1 – Describe all requirements in terms of Risk involved in the project
  • Process 2 – In terms of risk assessment, prioritize the requirements
  • Process 3 – Plan and define tests according to requirement prioritization
  • Process 4 – Execute test according to prioritization and acceptance criteria.

Process1– Projects associates various risks that are identified by the stakeholders of the project. The stake holders are basically a mixture of business and technical team. Stake holders involve various people from various departments for example, the client, customers, business experts, technical experts, project manager, project Leader, users, developers and infrastructure representative.

Process 2 – Once all the possible risks and their impacts are analyzed, the project manager has to get the requirements prioritized. Priority of the requirements should be agreed upon and should be updated in functional requirement document; the same should also be conveyed to the development and the test team.

Process 3 – After getting the Requirement with the priority tagged, we can start the test activities with keeping the priority of the requirements in mind.

Process 4 – If any of the identified risk realizes by the time of “Test execution Schedule”, then there is quite good chances of schedule slippage from development side. In this case, the final deadline given to the customer can’t be changed. In this situation, again, Test manager has to apply the Pareto principle and finalizes the scope of testing in the reduced timeline that will ensure least risk and highest quality.


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